Sore Gums: Common Causes and Treatment Options

Sore Gums: Common Causes and Treatment Options


There are various causes of sore gums, and these causes are treatable with proper dental care. Swollen gums can present a challenge when eating anything or drinking cold water. If you have a sore gum, it means there is an underlying dental issue that needs to be looked at. Therefore, make an effort of visiting Raphael Martin dentistry office and have the dentist take a look at your gum. In this article, we will discuss the common causes of sore gums and the best way to treat them. Read on to find out more.

Causes of Swollen Gums

The causes of sore gums can either be oral-related or non-oral-related.

Oral-Related Causes of Sore Gums

 Tooth Decay

If there is sugar accumulating on the tooth surface, this sugar turns into acid. Eventually, two things will happen. The bacteria accumulated will cause infection, or you may notice a hole in the tooth. Both of these may cause soreness on the gum.


This is a common gum disease that is caused by a plague. A plague is the build-up of residue on the surface of the tooth. The bad thing about the plague is that it harbors bacteria that cause bad breath, damage to enamel, and infection. Gingivitis is the early stage of gum disease. If not treated, it will accelerate to periodontitis. This is an advanced gum disease that causes abscesses, and the tooth may detach from the gum. Therefore, treatment by a dentist is vital.

Non-Oral Related Causes of Sore Gums


Stress affects different parts of the body, including your dental health. Many people are not aware that stress is part of the causes of swollen gums. During a stressful period, the body will produce cortisol, a hormone that increases the level of blood sugar. This hormone causes inflammation, which can be manifested through sore gums.


Pregnancy can also be another cause of sore gums. This is because of the hormonal changes in the body that results in an increased flow of blood. This increase affects soft tissues like the gums, leading to soreness.

Treatment Options for Swollen Gums

There are several treatment options for sore gums.

 Brush At Least Twice a Day

Brushing at least two times a day and flossing will remove bacteria that cause sore gums. Brushing eliminates bacteria build-up that would otherwise cause irritation and infection.

Rinse with Salt Water

Salt is a base that helps neutralize the acidity in the mouth. It helps get rid of bacteria by keeping the mouth clean. So, after brushing, ensure you rinse with salty water.

Choose the Right Brush

Choose a brush with bristles made from soft nylon. Brush gently over the gums and teeth. It will help soothe the soreness.

Schedule Regular Dental Checkups

Make sure you schedule regular checkups with your dentist to maintain good oral health. Your dentist will guide you on what to do to prevent sore gums in the future.

To Wrap It Up!

Hopefully, we have helped you understand what sore gum is and how it occurs. Observe proper oral hygiene and use the treatments mentioned if you have sore gums. It is also crucial to visit your dentist regularly for a treatment plan.

Dental Care